Twitter Analysis: Italians’ reaction to the results of the Eurovision Song Contest 2022
We restart our social observatory after weeks of interruption due to the international situation and, having already talked about the hosts in this article, we return to the Eurovision Music Festival held in Turin from 10 to 14 May 2022 to analyse reactions to Ukraine’s victory.
To carry out our Social Observatory activity, we carried out an analysis of a total of 250 tweets – of which 160 from the final and 90 after the announcement of Ukraine’s victory – using the hashtag #EurovisionSongContest.
From this data we identified the sentiment (positive, negative or neutral), the number of likes, comments and retweets of each tweet, the total number of likes, comments and retweets and the presence of hashtags, images, videos or links. In addition, we investigated the two events separately and then compared the results obtained.
The tweets analysed showed that a total of 7766 likes, 787 retweets and 210 comments were achieved during the two moments. In particular, during the final there was a higher participation on Twitter by users with 6151 likes, 532 retweets and 121 comments compared to 1614 likes, 255 retweets and 89 comments shared after the announcement of the festival victory by Ukraine.
Continuing with the analysis, it was observed that in total, 37.2% of tweets containing images and 11.2% of tweets containing videos were shared; looking more specifically, during the final, users shared 43.75% of tweets with images and 15% of tweets with videos, while after the announcement of victory, 25.5% of tweets included images and only 4.4% of tweets included videos. It is clear, therefore, that users prefer to share images, which are more immediate and faster, than videos.
As far as sentiment is concerned, overall before and after the announcement of the victory, positive sentiment prevailed: in fact, 46.4% of the tweets had a positive sentiment, followed by the negative sentiment of 42.8% of the tweets and, finally, the remaining 10.8% of the tweets had a neutral sentiment.
If we take a closer look at the sentiment of the two moments separately, it can be seen that the final was characterised by the majority of positive sentiment, while, on the contrary, negative sentiment prevailed after the declaration of victory.
In fact, in the final there was 53.75% positive sentiment, 36.25% negative sentiment and only 10% neutral sentiment. After the Ukrainian victory was declared, on the other hand, we saw a lower positive sentiment, reaching only 33.3%, an increase in negative sentiment to 53.3%, and finally a neutral sentiment of 12.2%.
In a qualitative analysis, it emerged that the main topics discussed in the tweets during the final were disparate, such as the personal preferences of each user regarding the singer who most deserves the victory, the invitation to vote code 09 for Italy to win, and funny comments regarding the commentators of the evening. There were also numerous compliments on singer Gigliola Cinquetti’s performance, and the arrival of Måneskin also generated very positive sentiment.
There were also very few and isolated – fortunately – homophobic comments directed at some of the singers in the competition.
However, we note the presence of tweets characterised by a very negative sentiment regarding San Marino’s choice to give their 12 points to Spain and not Italy.
After the proclamation of Ukraine’s victory, we registered different reactions. The first concerns people who claimed to have known from the start who would win the festival and brought, as evidence of this, a tweet of their own from a few days earlier in which they predicted this victory. The second reaction concerns users who commented positively on the victory and said it was an important sign for a united Europe against wars and recognised how music had an incredible power to unite people. The third reaction was from those who argued that Eurovision was no longer a music festival but a political one and that the victory was already announced.
In general, there were few memes, and the few that emerged were mainly about the presenters.
Both private and verified users took part in this real time conversation, such as the Twitter profile of the city of Turin ‘twitorino’, the comic group The Jackal, who spoke many times, and finally the Senator of the Republic Laura Garavini.
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